A conference convened by Dr Jeremy Kidwell and Dr Maria Nita, at the University of Birmingham, 16th and 17th May 2019
Dr Marion Bowman (The Open University), Prof Jacqui Mulville (Cardiff University), Prof François Gauthier (University of Fribourg), Dr Graham Stjohn (University of Fribourg), Dr Botond Vitos (University of Fribourg), Prof Sharif Gemie (University of Chichester), Kylie McCormick (University of Birmingham), Dr Barbara Brayshay (Independent Researcher), Dr Eriko Kawanishi (Kyoto University), Eszter Szabó (Budapest), Zsófia Szonja Illés (KÉK- Hungarian Contemporary Architecture Center), Dr Eveleigh Buck-Matthews (Greenwich University), Dr Jeremy Kidwell (University of Birmingham) and Dr Maria Nita (University of Birmingham).
Inside Festival Cultures
The key concern of the proposed conference is to investigate important developments in a growing transatlantic modern festival culture. The conference will examine the forces shaping festivals, such as tradition, commemoration, commercialisation, globalisation and innovation. We will ask how have festivals made use of traditional cultural practices? Are festivals laboratories for cultural change and innovation? Might festivals present us with opportunities for ‘an ecological reconciliation’?
An important link we would like to explore is that between festivals and modern understandings and imaginings of ‘community’. Modern festivals emerged in the context of significant social and cultural change in the 1960s. Over the past five decades, festival networks have developed a model based on oral traditions, drawn from the memorialisation of the free festivals of the 1960s. Woodstock’s and Glastonbury’s iconic naked festival bodies signalled a profound societal change, whilst displaying a nostalgic re-enactment of and yearning for a simpler past and community. In recent years, trans-national festival networks, like the Burning Man festival, have consciously promoted community-oriented spiritual practices. Our proposed conference wishes to illuminate the facets of these varied dynamics inside festival cultures.
Modern festivals represent a new and exciting area of study reflected by both the rising scholarly interest and the continuous growth of this phenomenon in the West during the past five decades. This era of late modernity or postmodernity was marked by important cultural, social and environmental changes, such as increased globalisation, and the environmental and societal effects of anthropogenic climate change. Modern festivals have to be considered in conjunction with these developments. Hence the Burning Man festival in the Nevada desert is seen by some scholars as an experiment in community resilience in response to climate change, whereby the arid climate of the desert represents a projection of the future of mankind. Perhaps following the earlier transatlantic route of the 1960s, that of Woodstock and Glastonbury, Burning Man is currently extending in Europe. Such developments should be investigated against the backdrop of other significant global trends, such as the decline of institutionalised religious traditions as well as political, economic and socio-cultural changes. The conference will develop a scholarly conversation around the wider implications of festival culture in Britain and abroad.
More specifically the conference will explore the interplay between two areas of investigation, namely the development and transmission of tradition/s on one hand and, and on the other, the roles festivals have in showcasing innovation and experimentation with cultural change. Many scholars have argued that increased mobility and globalisation in our contemporary world is impacting on the established channels for cultural transmission, thus leading to increased secularisation and a loss in traditional cultural values. Others have shown that festivals can represent important commemorative spaces, and that the transmission of religious and other cultural elements may continue despite decline or disruptions in such institutions as the church, communities of place, the traditional family and so on. At the same time we increasingly live in a world dominated by change, uncertainty and risk, and scholars recognised that the implications of living with unprecedented global risk in a detraditionalised society involve the development of new types of subversive social movements. Festivals appear to have developed in this context and against such global trends, yet during the past five decades they have themselves changed significantly, with some public and academic voices deploring their decline into an increasingly corporate ethos.
The following topics will be explored:
(1) Music, orality, tradition and commemoration at festivals
(2) ‘Festival bodies’, material cultures, change and cultural transmission
(3) Festival and community networks, behind the scenes
(4) Greening and/ or consumerism at festivals
(5) Youth culture at festivals
(6) Festival methodologies: mapping and researching festival cultures
To register your interest for attending this event please visit:
Please note that attendance is free, but places are limited.
We would like to thank the conference sponsors for their generous support:
The British Association for the Study of Religion (BASR) and the University of Birmingham.
For more information please email: M.Nita@Bham.ac.uk